Inside Senate Bill 15: Texas lawmakers approve state funding for virtual learning

Inside Senate Bill 15: Texas lawmakers approve state funding for virtual learning

Senate Bill 15 would provide ISDs with two years of state funding to enact virtual learning, and allows ISDs to contract with each other to exchange students for virtual learning.
(Ali Linan/Community Impact Newspaper)

A bill on Gov. Greg Abbott’s desk could expand remote learning possibilities during the pandemic for independent school districts and open-enrollment charter schools.

Senate Bill 15, authored by Sen. Larry Taylor, R-Friendswood, the chair of the Senate Education Committee, made its way to Abbott on Sept. 1. The bill would allow ISDs and open-enrollment charter schools to set up virtual learning while keeping state funding, according to John Theis, a political science professor at Lone Star College in Kingwood.

The bill would allow school districts to implement virtual programs without reducing the funding they receive from the state, which previously required mandatory in-person enrollment to grant funds. Theis described the bill as a “trial run” for virtual learning, noting that it encourages virtual learning until 2023, when a future legislative session can observe how ISDs implemented their programs.

“School districts will have to prove that it actually works,” Theis said.

One subsection of the proposed law would allow ISDs to contract with each other for one district to send students to another district’s virtual learning program. Theis said one possibility of that provision could be larger ISDs absorbing virtual students from smaller districts.

“Bigger school districts may contract with smaller districts that don’t have the resources to manage a virtual program, and could potentially make more money from that,” Theis said.

There is no specification on how many contracts a school district can sign with another district.

The bill went through several amendments in the House and Senate, three of which failed. One amendment, authored by Rep. Mary Gonzalez, D-El Paso, would have required virtual options for bilingual students. Community Impact Newspaper reached out to Gonzalez’s office for comment, but did not receive a response before press time.

Theis noted several “guardrails” in the bill, which include a cap on how many students can opt into virtual classes per district, set at 10%.

The bill specifies that teachers for virtual classes must have completed a course on online instruction, and they cannot teach students both virtually and face-to-face in the same class period. Theis said the provision would prevent teachers from having to juggle “mixed” classes of face-to-face and virtual students.

Theis said he expects Abbott to sign the bill into law, and he does not anticipate the governor calling the Legislature back into session for any further adjustments to education during the pandemic.

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